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Regulations On The Home Schooling Of Your Child

By: Angela Armes - Updated: 18 Sep 2017 | comments*Discuss
 
Law Parents Regulations Home Education

There are around 50,000-80,000 home educated children in the UK. Home education can be highly fulfilling for children and can lead to children achieving better than average qualifications. Having been home educated does not prevent a young person from going on to university and having fulfilling careers. Indeed in the US, where home education is more commonplace, many universities and employers seek out home educated young people in their recruitment efforts.

There are a number of reasons why a parent might want to educate their child at home. Some parents opt to home-school because of lifestyle or family reasons, while others do so because of negative school experiences like Bullying, Expulsion, difficulty getting a child into the school of choice, or some problem specific to an individual school.

Socialisation

The main question raised about home education relates to socialisation. With so many home-educated young people in the UK there are now many local support groups all over the UK. These groups often hold regular meetings and are frequently networked with each other through the internet. Home-educated students rarely find socialisation to be an issue.

The law

Under Section 7 of the 1996 education act, parents are responsible for ensuring that their children receive an education suitable to their age ability and aptitude, as well as any special needs he or she may have. The following home-schooling rules apply in England and Wales:

  • You do not need the permission of an LEA to home educate a child (unless the child attends a special needs school)
  • You do not have to hold any particular qualifications to home educate your child
  • There are no predetermined hours or times that you must tutor your child at home
  • You do not have to conform to the National Curriculum
  • You can home educate a child with special needs
  • Home educated children are not required to undertake examinations or SATs

Your Local Education Authority

When considering home education it is wise to consider all of your options carefully and discuss the idea with your child. If you have specific issues with the school, you should consider discussing these with the school and possibly with the Local Children's Services (LEA).

If your child is currently in school, you are required to inform your child's head teacher in writing before you withdraw your child. The head teacher will then inform the (LEA) and remove your child from the school's register. There is no legal requirement for you to allow the local authority access to either your home or child.

The Education Welfare Service (EWS) will almost certainly make contact with you to ensure that you are meeting your duty to provide an education to your child. However, you should be allowed some short period to settle in to your new routine before having to supply detailed information on your provision.

If they are unhappy about your provision, they will write to you to explain their concerns and ask for further information. In rare cases, if the local authority remains unsatisfied with your provision, they can issue a School Attendance Order which requires you to either provide further evidence of education or enrol your child at a school named in the order within 15 days. Such an order can be challenged in court. In all the actions they take the Local Authority must act in the best interests of the child.

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Nataliah Yabbey - Your Question:
Hi Im trying to decided on weather or not to home school my daugther. She is 6 years old and has been experiencing many different behavioural issues at school since nursery. I think home schooling is the best option for her but would like some guidance on what and how is the best way to home school a 6 year old as I want her to grow up with the best education possible.

Our Response:
We can't give individual guidance. You must discuss this with professionals e.g teachers and behavioural specialists. There is a lot of information about home schooling on the internet if you decide to go down that route. The law says that you can home school your child as long as they not SEN statemented.
LawAndParents - 20-Sep-17 @ 10:56 AM
Hi Im trying to decided on weather or not to home school my daugther. She is 6 years old and has been experiencing many different behavioural issues at school since nursery. I think home schooling is the best option for her but would like some guidance on what and how is the best way to home school a 6 year old as I want her to grow up with the best education possible.
Nataliah Yabbey - 18-Sep-17 @ 9:55 PM
Mark - Your Question:
Hi my partner has withdrawn her daughter from school in the view to currently home educate, the view of withdrawing from the current school was because l they were not meeting the child's medical needthe daughter is 9 and has been around domestic violence and when at school as a result of being around the domestic violence she struggled with social situations in school at playtimes and with teasing and messing around with school friends, she has done numerous interventions at the school and it didn't really make a difference as she understood how to complete the tasks set during these activities.She has no major issues in relation to her leariningShe has numerous medical issues stated below:she has eczema which during the school day she has to apply cream on her arms and legs 3 times during the school day, this was being made difficult for her to do as she had been doing this at the back of the class room, she has anaphylaxis but to an unknown allege so she is classed as ideopathic and carries an epi pen she is allergic to eating pineapple and kiwi, and has asthma and has a blue and purple inhaler for this.She has morning medication to battle hayfevier and due to her low emmune system she has many precaution medication every morning including nasal spray and eye drops daily.myself and parented felt the school were not assisting her in making these medical issues easier during school, as a result if all of these issues, she had been getting very upset and didnt want to go to school as she didn't feel comfortable and felt different within her class. While currently my partner has written a letter to state to take her off the schools register, does this mean she is off a register completely and can't go to a primary school as it is stated that her education was being provided by my partner or can we look for a different school that may help her to adjust to coping with all the social anxiety and her medical issues??Also my partner is worried that any school will have the view that these social issues and medical issues are not serious issues and the school may not take her seriously and the same poor provision may happen again.Any advise would be apriciated

Our Response:
Can you contact your LEA and ask them for advice on finding a new school that meets her needs? You can home school in the interim.
LawAndParents - 18-Sep-17 @ 12:43 PM
Hi my partner has withdrawn her daughter from school in the view to currently home educate, the view of withdrawing from the current school was because l they were not meeting the child's medical need the daughter is 9 and has been around domestic violence and when at school as a result of being around the domestic violence she struggled with social situations in school at playtimes and with teasing and messing around with school friends, she has done numerous interventions at the school and it didn't really make a difference as she understood how to complete the tasks set during these activities. She has no major issues in relation to her learining She has numerous medical issues stated below: she has eczema which during the school day she has to apply cream on her arms and legs 3 times during the school day, this was being made difficult for her to do as she had been doing this at the back of the class room, she has anaphylaxis but to an unknown allege so she is classed as ideopathic and carries an epi pen she is allergic to eating pineapple and kiwi, and has asthma and has a blue and purple inhaler for this. She has morning medication to battle hayfevier and due to her low emmune system she has many precaution medication every morning including nasal spray and eye drops daily. myself and parented felt the school were not assisting her in making these medical issues easier during school, as a result if all of these issues, she had been getting very upset and didnt want to go to school as she didn't feel comfortable and felt different within her class. While currently my partner has written a letter to state to take her off the schools register, does this mean she is off a register completely and can't go to a primary school as it is stated that her education was being provided by my partner or can we look for a different school that may help her to adjust to coping with all the social anxiety and her medical issues?? Also my partner is worried that any school will have the view that these social issues and medical issues are not serious issues and the school may not take her seriously and the same poor provision may happen again. Any advise would be apriciated
Mark - 15-Sep-17 @ 11:20 PM
Stink - Your Question:
My 13 year old niece is home schooling herself. Her mother works and so my niece is home alone from 0830 till 1400, 5 days a week. She uses the key stage learning guides but does not attend any home school groups, so gets no social interaction, and does not have a tutor. She is Left alone with the responsibility of self guided learning. Please advise. I feel this is so wrong. It is a huge expectation for a 13 year old to self educate yet the Education authority has condoned it.

Our Response:
There really isn't much you can do about this. If you say your niece is being neglected, you are opening the door to further investigations, social services etc. You could try contacting your local LEA just to see if they're willing to do anything?
LawAndParents - 15-Sep-17 @ 1:47 PM
My 13 year old niece is home schooling herself. Her mother works and so my niece is home alone from 0830 till 1400, 5 days a week. She uses the key stage learning guides but does not attend any home school groups, so gets no social interaction, and does not have a tutor. She is Left alone with the responsibility of self guided learning. Please advise. I feel this is so wrong. It is a huge expectation for a 13 year old to self educate yet the Education authority has condoned it.
Stink - 14-Sep-17 @ 12:59 PM
Zobo - Your Question:
Hi I have move house and my daughter is on a waiting list for two schools around the new area.I have informed the head at my daughters old school she will not be retuning as it is unrealistic that I could bring her to that school from where we have moved and that in the meantime I will start home schooling her. What else do I have to do to inform the correct people? What if her current head dosnt pass on this information I sent him in an email? Regards Zoey

Our Response:
You do not have to inform anyone else but if you're looking for a new school of course you must apply via the Local Education Authority.
LawAndParents - 12-Sep-17 @ 12:19 PM
Karen - Your Question:
My 16 year old Son is being home educated by myself - he would now be in year 11 at school. My Partner is now saying that he has a month to make up his mind what he wants to do and find a job, apprenticeship or college to go to because he doesn't want him going out with his mates dossing all day. I have repeatedly told him that this is not what is happening and that he is at home with me being educated, but he refuses to listen. I keep saying that he still has 1 year left in education but again this falls on deaf ears. Can my Son be made to go to work at this age? I am trying to work with our Son to find out what he wants to do in relation to work but feel like I'm fighting a losing battle with my Partner. Please could somebody advise how we can move forward? I am so stressed because I feel that his Dad is not supporting him and actually turning our Son against him. My Son receives lots of criticism from his Dad but very little praise.

Our Response:
If your son was at school he would have to remain there until the end of June (next year)
You can leave school on the last Friday in June if you’ll be 16 by the end of the summer holidays
You MUST then do one of the following until you’re 18:
- stay in full-time education, for example at a college
- start an apprenticeship or traineeship
- spend 20 hours or more a week working or volunteering, while in part-time education or training
LawAndParents - 12-Sep-17 @ 12:01 PM
Hi I have move house and my daughter is on a waiting list for two schools around the new area. I have informed the head at my daughters old school she will not be retuning as it is unrealistic that I could bring her to that school from where we have moved and that in the meantime I will start home schooling her. What else do I have to do to inform the correct people? What if her current head dosnt pass on this information I sent him in an email? Regards Zoey
Zobo - 11-Sep-17 @ 9:03 AM
My 16 year old Son is being home educated by myself - he would now be in year 11 at school.My Partner is now saying that he has a month to make up his mind what he wants to do and find a job, apprenticeship or college to go to because he doesn't want him going out with his mates dossing all day.I have repeatedly told him that this is not what is happening and that he is at home with me being educated, but he refuses to listen.I keep saying that he still has 1 year left in education but again this falls on deaf ears.Can my Son be made to go to work at this age?I am trying to work with our Son to find out what he wants to do in relation to work but feel like I'm fighting a losing battle with my Partner.Please could somebody advise how we can move forward?I am so stressed because I feel that his Dad is not supporting him and actually turning our Son against him.My Son receives lots of criticism from his Dad but very little praise.
Karen - 11-Sep-17 @ 2:08 AM
N - Your Question:
My sister has two kids one is 5 an one is 3 an they did go to nursery but she took them out of there an has decided to home school but I dont think they r reciving the best education will someone come out to check that she is teaching them right

Our Response:
Not necessarily. A local education authority is not obliged to check on the standard of educated provided to a home schooled child.
LawAndParents - 8-Sep-17 @ 2:01 PM
My sister has two kids one is 5 an one is 3 an they did go to nursery but she took them out of there an has decided to home school but i dont think they r reciving the best education will someone come out to check that she is teaching them right
N - 8-Sep-17 @ 12:01 AM
Jack - Your Question:
I have to pay bills and cannot take time off of work, is there any way to homeschool my 14 year old whilst I'm at work?? She's very independent and I know she would do it but would I legally have to be there?, I can help her on the weekends and in the afternoon

Our Response:
Unless you are willing to employ a tutor for her, there is no easy way around this. You can't expect her to educate herself while you're at work. Note also thatall parents do have a duty to ensure their children receive an education.
LawAndParents - 4-Sep-17 @ 12:47 PM
Emily - Your Question:
My daughter is 14, she has lost all her friends and is getting depressed, she's getting bullied at school and I am intrested in home schooling but I cannot afford the courses. Isn't there a way to homeschool that's possibly free or very inexpensive?

Our Response:
We can't suggest any specific resources are recommendations. Please try and address your daughter's issues at school and her depression before home schooling, especially if you're not sure about how to start/or haven't done sufficient research.
LawAndParents - 4-Sep-17 @ 12:26 PM
My 14 yr old has been bullied through school and is now so down he has tried to take his own life twice in the last 2 months. And as the summer holidays are coming to a close hes getting more down and anxious. What do i need to di to home school him? Thank you for your time
Vicky - 2-Sep-17 @ 9:34 AM
I have to pay bills and cannot take time off of work, is there any way to homeschool my 14 year old whilst I'm at work?? She's very independent and I know she would do it but would I legally have to be there?, i can help her on the weekends and in the afternoon
Jack - 29-Aug-17 @ 9:40 AM
My daughter is 14, she has lost all her friends and is getting depressed, she's getting bullied at school and I am intrested in home schooling but I cannot afford the courses. Isn't there a way to homeschool that's possibly free or very inexpensive?
Emily - 29-Aug-17 @ 9:36 AM
Ava - Your Question:
Your ex partner has made a decision about a child she knows best. 4 is still very young. There is nothing legally that an unmarried father can do.mine would love to interfere in the decisions made for my daughter, but he's discovered he cant

Our Response:
Assume this is in resonse to @burkey's comment below.No...
A father who has parental responsibility for his child (i.e is on the birth certificate), has every right to be involved in important decisions in his child's life, it's not interfering, it's what any parent who cares for a child's wellbeing would do. The decision on whether or not to send a child to nursery or to home schoolshould be made by both parents.
LawAndParents - 3-Aug-17 @ 11:20 AM
Your ex partner has made a decision about a child she knows best. 4 is still very young. There is nothing legally that an unmarried father can do....mine would love to interfere in the decisions made for my daughter, but he's discovered he cant
Ava - 31-Jul-17 @ 9:03 PM
i am seriously considering home schooling,im not impressed with the local school and now they are taking away transport so nearly a 2 mile hike each way which i just cannot do.i had thought about home schooling previously but chickened out!how much notice do i need to give the school?im looking to finish the summer term and not go back.am i also right in thinking id still get tax credits(i work from home)as he still would be in full time education,just at home?i have read bits where i can find them but am struggling to get in touch with anyone local to me in south wales.thanks for any help
mandypandy - 7-Jun-17 @ 3:00 PM
My little girl has had a awfull horrible time at primary now high school I moved my daughter and I out of town to prevent bullies getting to my daughter and yet still managed to police have been informed tryed to stop this school etc are hopeless I have now taken my little girl out of school and throughly enjoying home schooling my daughter where we both feel lot more settled and safe I'm continuing to do this anyone who has any info regarding EHE I'm intresredin constant learning and improving for my daughter anyway regarding education I am happy with my local council for help support they give my daughter and I and this by far is best decision we have made
B h - 16-May-17 @ 3:33 PM
i have two girls i want to change there school during the year my eldest says shes picked on and ive had issues with the school ive found a better closer to home school but do not wish to send my kids to their current school until they are moved i want to avoid fines but may have to homeschool for the time being need some advice on my options and what can happen to me as by fines etc ive told the school they wiil not be back and im changing their schools but apparantly the head teacher has phoned my ex wife kids mom as my kids reside with me telling her if they not back in he will take further actio however im banned from the school due to another parents actions which turned into an argument so im really unsure of my standing and what i am able to do i only want to school them until they are in another school do not want to take them off the resgister
not what sure to do - 9-May-17 @ 2:37 PM
My son is being bullied at 7.. he is really unhappy at school and over 5 kids at a time hit physically really badly. I am at my witts end is the second school we have changed.....what do i do....i can not afford to homeschool as i have bills to pay. I have spoke to the school and nothing much has been done. In fact it is worse than before. I will contact local LEA.
Cam - 24-Apr-17 @ 10:23 PM
My son is in year 11 and has suffered from bullying all the may through school and has been to counciling when he was in year 9. He has now fallen out with his friends and is getting really depressed. Can I take him out of school to revise at home and send him in for his exams.
Emma - 19-Apr-17 @ 7:34 PM
my 15 year old son has been to 5 secondary schools and is now attending a education centre for jids who cant attend mainstream.. he not doing well there either for disruptive and silly behaviour im at the end of my tether he never attends regulary with another attendance panel awaiting.. teachers say hes a lovely boy and he works well 1 to 1 , but they dont have the facillity to do that everyday.. so he gets sent home.. can i home school him.. what would i neeed to do to prepare for this ??
sarcalrox - 19-Apr-17 @ 1:07 PM
My daughter has removed my 14 year old grandson from school due to concerns for his safety because of bullying ( both verbal and physical). This is his 2nd secondary school and it is still happening.She has discussed this with school and it is still happening. Where can she get advice/help in order to home school him. Will school provide text books/information on what lessons he should be learning.
KAT - 19-Apr-17 @ 3:31 AM
My grandson, 14, has moved secondary schools twice due to bullying, (physical and verbal). My daughter has reported it many times and it is still happening. She has now contacted school to inform them she is removing him from school, as she is worried for his safety and intends to home school him. Does school have to provide text books, school work for him to do at home. If not where can she get support/information as to what she should be teaching him. She is a stay at home parent so there is no problem with her spending time teaching him.
KAT - 19-Apr-17 @ 3:25 AM
Hello, my son is 4 years old and will soon be moving into school, my ex partner has decided to not to take him to nursery, and now she decides that she wants to home school him aswell, but i want him to go to school, so is there anything legal to say that home schooling has to be agreed by both parents or can she just home school without my permission?
Burkey - 8-Apr-17 @ 8:45 AM
My daughter (grace smith) is in year seven and is 11 years old I'm want her to get home schooled but I don't know how many hour a day and a week is needed can somebody please tell me
Beverley smith - 6-Apr-17 @ 4:33 PM
Newcastle - Your Question:
We want to take our child out to homeschool him for one term next year. The term after easter leading into the summer holidays. He will be in year 1. We want to do a 3 month trip around Asia. If there any law against this ??

Our Response:
This is for you to decide. There are no laws about removing your child from school for home schooling, but in this situation the school can refuse to keep your chid's place available, meaning you may have to choose another school. Talk to then head teacher about it.
LawAndParents - 3-Apr-17 @ 11:38 AM
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